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Islam auf dem Balkan

Muslimische Traditionen im lokalen, nationalen und transnationalen Kontext

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Edited By Jordanka Telbizova-Sack and Christian Voß

Die 13 interdisziplinär ausgerichteten Beiträge des Sammelbandes fokussieren die religiöse Landschaft des Balkans im Kontext zunehmender Globalisierung, erhöhter Mobilität und postsozialistischer Transformation. In den Panels «Historische Perspektiven: Islam, Staat und Politik», «Pluralisierung und Transformation», «Türkei: Transnationale Verflechtungen und Innenpolitik» und «Diversität, Identität und Debatten» werden politische, religiöse und kulturelle Prozesse auch im historischen Aufriss dargestellt und analysiert. Dabei richtet sich der Blick sowohl auf die institutionelle Erneuerung und innere Diversifizierung als auch auf das komplizierte Verhältnis zwischen Staat, Politik und muslimischen Bevölkerungsgruppen.

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Cross-boundary identities of the Albanian Muslimsin Socialist Macedonia (Agata Rogoś)

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Cross boundary identities of the Albanian Muslims in Socialist Macedonia

Agata Rogoś

Introduction

The long lasting Ottoman empire rule and the millet system created a strong sense of belonging determined by religion. In these circumstances Islam developed as a social force and the way of living expressed itself through daily practices and associated customs, which in turn has created a consolidated sense of community. In these terms the distinctive way of life separated Muslims from non-Muslim communities. A particularly important consequence of shaping the ethnical boundaries in frames of Yugoslav Republics was the emergence of new perceptions of identity. Differences in meanings of self-identification as a Muslim occurred in a self-definition processes of Balkan Muslim communities.

In Macedonia, where the Albanian population has played a significant role in social and political structures, the Muslim identity in a time of socialist Yugoslavia was perceived by the political discourse as a construct based on imagined homeland and the idea of Greater Albania. In this paper I will show the development of the Muslim-Albanian identity in socialist Macedonia and its embedment not only in religious structures and everyday practices as a heritage of Ottoman culture. The Muslim identity model will be shown as well as a part of a self-definition process of a non-Slavic group and the cultivation of national-centric Albanian tradition in the context of discrimination practices of the Yugoslav state.

Along with the specific policy of the Yugoslav government (1918-1941), the...

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