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Nationalism, Chauvinism and Racism as Reflected in European Musical Thought and in Compositions from the Interwar Period


Andrzej Tuchowski

This book concerns the ways in which many different types of nationalism, chauvinism and racism penetrated into musical thought in the interwar period, and how the leading artistic personalities of that period reacted to these ideologies. The concept of "nationalism" is understood broadly in this book and covers the entire spectrum of its positive and negative aspects. The topics listed in the book’s title have been discussed on the example of selected four countries, significant with respect to population and territory and representing different social-political systems: Germany (mostly after 1933), Italy, Poland (after 1926) and Great Britain. This selection is also representative of the main ethnic groups in Europe: Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, Latin-Romance and Slavic.

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I. Primary Sources

Auden, Wystan H., “Psychology and Art To-day.”, In: The Arts To-day, Geoffrey Grigson (ed.), London: Bodley Head, 1935, pp. 1–21.

Balicki, Zygmunt, Egoizm narodowy wobec etyki, Lwów: Towarzystwo Wydawnicze, 1903.

Balicki, Zygmunt, “Nacjonalizm a patriotyzm.” Przegląd Narodowy, No. 5, May 1912, pp. 449–457.

Bastianelli, Giannotto, La crisi musicale europea, Pistoia: Pagnini, 1912.

Bell, Michael, “Music in Nazi Germany,” The Musical Times, Vol. 79, No. 1140, Feb. 1938, pp. 99–101.

Berl, Heinrich, Das Judentun in der Musik, Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1926.

Blessinger, Karl, Die musikalische Probleme der Gegenwart und ihre Lősung, Stuttgart: Filser Verlag, 1919.

Blessinger, Karl, Judentun und Musik – Ein Beitrag zur Kultur- und Rassenpolitik, Berlin: Hahnefeld, 1944.

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