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Traumatic Experiences and Dyslexia

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Edited By Evelin Witruk and Dian Sari Utami

The main topics of the book are traumatic experiences, stress processing and dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon. The authors of the book articles are from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Iran, Spain, Syria, Portugal, and Germany. The interdisciplinary character of this book is represented in contributions of scientists from different areas of psychology, special education, and linguistics.

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Dimensions of Community Mental Health Preparedness of Disasters in Iran

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Abstract: Over the past twenty-six years, some disasters, affected people and economic damages as a consequence are increasing worldwide Asian countries have always been among the top ten affected ones by various kinds of disasters. Iran is one of the countries which is prone to many natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, drought and storms. It seems necessary to study the mental health of the community in disaster situations to endorse their health and prevent disorders as well as care planning. Therefore, a clear understanding of the community mental health preparedness is necessary based on experiences and perceptions of involved people. The purpose of this article was a subjective and comprehensive description of community mental health preparedness in disasters. A qualitative inductive content analysis method was exploited. Participants included 14 experts and lay people. Data were collected through in-depth, semi-structured interviews. All interviews were transcribed and data analysis was accomplished based on qualitative inductive content analysis principles. Data were explored using content analysis and found five categories, including 1) cultural values and beliefs, 2) risk beliefs, 3) mental preparedness in disasters, 4) psychological process, and 5) trust. Mental health preparedness is a multifactorial phenomenon that requires a clear understanding and definition of perceived threats (risk), public trust in social structure and formal and informal supportive organization. This preparedness involves proportional, mental, social, familial, religious beliefs, and cultural sensitive along with the ability to handle the mentally disastrous situation which can be measured after concept analysis and tool development...

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