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Traumatic Experiences and Dyslexia

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Edited By Evelin Witruk and Dian Sari Utami

The main topics of the book are traumatic experiences, stress processing and dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon. The authors of the book articles are from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Iran, Spain, Syria, Portugal, and Germany. The interdisciplinary character of this book is represented in contributions of scientists from different areas of psychology, special education, and linguistics.

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Teaching Academic, Social and Independence Skills to Slum Children

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Abstract: This paper explains the work done with children growing up in slums in Mexico and Portugal. Some introductory considerations about factors determining psychological development are made. Development is a function of external and internal factors. Internal factors include a healthy body and external factors an environment with minimal well-being conditions, like a functioning family, a health and educational system, and social peace. Variations in internal and/or external factors can produce a developmental deviation and then developmental problems and/or disorders like intellectual disability, learning disorders, ADHD, etc. Simple, cheap, efficient and scientifically based intervention programs are urgently needed. The author applied the Applied Behavior Analysis techniques to train independence, social & academic skills to slum children with intellectual, physical or sensorial disabilities in Mexico. Similar procedures were applied to train children with school failure problems in a slum-like community in Portugal. Some results are presented regarding behavioral objectives attained by individual children in different training programs. Some cases of children with blindness, intellectual disability or school failure problems are briefly analyzed. Behavioral intervention programs were successful independently of the case, age or problem treated.

Keywords: Applied Behavior Analysis, children at risk, SEN children, school failure

1 Introduction

This paper explains the work done with children growing up in slums in Mexico and Portugal. Two types of cases are analyzed, namely, children born with a deficiency and children with relatively normal development, but having problems at school for different (sometimes unknown) reasons. Intervention...

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