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«Spectator»-Type Periodicals in International Perspective

Enlightened Moral Journalism in Europe and North America


Edited By Misia Sophia Doms

As soon as the Spectator model spread from England to continental Europe and began to be incorporated in French, Dutch and German translations and adaptions, the respective journalistic networks and negotiations regularly exceeded local, regional, and even national boundaries and took on international dimensions. The contributions of the present volume outline the historical development and the intricate literary, artistic, journalistic and scientific communication and distribution networks of the moral weeklies and periodical essays inspired by the Spectator prototype in Europe and North America. Thus, these periodicals become visible as parts and products of ramified learned and creative negotiations on genres, writing techniques and topics.

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The Spectatorial Press and the Spectator Offshoots from the Habsburg Hereditary Lands, from the Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg and from the Kingdom of Hungary


Abstract: Research activity from the last decades suggests that the impact of the spectatorial genre in the area of today’s Austria and Slovakia was largely restricted to the residential cities of Vienna and Preßburg (today: Bratislava), the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary. The present paper, however, aims to refute this commonly held opinion. While the first two sections will be devoted to the versatile and long-lived spectatorial press from the two cities on the Danube, the following sections will portray the Upper Austrian, Styrian, Tyrolean and Salzburgian periodicals inspired by the spectatorial writing tradition.

Keywords: Austrian Spectator-type periodicals, Hungarian Spectator-type periodicals, Salzburg moral weeklies

The present article on moral weeklies and Spectator offshoots from the area of today’s Austria and Slovakia conducts an expedition which leads from comparatively well-explored terrain1 to the blank spots on the moral weekly map. At our starting point – the residential city of Vienna (1.), situated in Austria below the river Enns, and during our short excursion to Preßburg, the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary (2.) – we will be able to rely on several preceding studies, although some questions, especially concerning generical and sub-generical demarcation, still require further scholarly attention. In exploring the spectatorial press of Upper Austria (3.), Styria (4.), Tyrol (5.), and Salzburg (6.), however, we will be setting foot on terra incognita: In these territories, we are confronted with Spectator-type projects which have – until today – been almost entirely neglected by the academic community...

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