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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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2: A Current Approach in Psychiatric Nursing: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Extract

Gül Ergün and Işıl Işık

2:   A Current Approach in Psychiatric Nursing: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

1 Introduction

Psychotherapy is defined as a treatment process of psychological disorders by using psychological techniques and verbal and nonverbal dialogues in communication with counselee and consultant. In other words, it means creating an effect on thought, emotion, and behaviors of the individual; providing behaviors to replace with more acceptable behaviors and also improving the behaviors (Çam and Engin, 2015). The number of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) education has increased day by day all around the world. CBT is a treatment type that uses several techniques (e.g., theory of learning, improving problem-solving skills, and behavioral therapy techniques) to support individuals to cope with vital problems that they cannot solve or the possible problems in the later periods of life (Okanlı, 2016; Demiralp and Oflaz, 2007). This chapter aims to bring a new perspective to the principles, historical development, foundations, and use of CBT in nursing practices.

2 Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a treatment type that emerges by the integration of behavioral and cognitive theories and teaches people to cope with difficulties and daily problems via cognitive and behavioral techniques. It is frequently used in the treatment of depression, anxiety disorders, addiction disorders, coping with exam stress, domestic violence, and other psychopathologies, traumas, crisis situations, schizophrenia, and other psychotic disorders. Psychiatric nurses can use CBT techniques in several psychopathologies...

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