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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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4: An Approach in Women’s Health: Aromatherapy


Gülbahtiyar Demirel and Özlem Akgün

4:   An Approach in Women’s Health: Aromatherapy

1 Introduction

Aromatherapy is one of the major complementary and alternative therapy methods commonly used in the world and is a branch of phytotherapy. In phytotherapy, some or all of the plant is used for medical purposes, while in aromatherapy only essential oils obtained by distillation and squeezing method are used (Başer and Taşcı, 2015; Bunckle, 2015). High concentration essential oils distilled from plants used in aromatherapy are extracted from the flowers, shells, roots, leaves, fruits and other parts of the plant by various methods (Esposito et al., 2014; Ali et al., 2015; Pirak et al., 2015; Bilgic, 2017; Tiran, 2018). Majority of the essential plants used for this purpose in aromatherapy are rose, lavender, jasmine, clove, sage, geranium, orange flower, pike, cinnamon leaf, bergamot and lemon (Ebcioglu, 2009; Sayowan, 2013; Kömürcü, 2014; Kheirkhah et al., 2014; Marzouk et al., 2015; Ali et al., 2015; Rashidi Fakari et al., 2015; Hergenç, 2015; Esmaelzadeh-Saeieh et al., 2018; Makvandi et al., 2018).

While the use of alternative and complementary therapies in the world is gaining momentum, one of the main reasons for these practices is the side effects of pharmacological agents on human health, particularly women and children’s health. Along with the benefits provided by aromatherapy, the low number of side effects of it is one of the reasons of its widespread use (Tillett and Ames,...

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