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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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5: The Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Applications in Women’s Health

Extract

Figen Alp Yılmaz and Ebru Gözüyeşil

5:   The Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Applications in Women’s Health

1 Introduction

Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine applications are widely used in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of diseases in the world (Çağlayan et al., 2018). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), traditional medicine is defined as “knowledge, skills and practices based on different cultures, beliefs and experiences that are used for the protection, improvement or maintenance of health” (WHO, 2014). Complementary medicine, on the other hand, is a group of applications that are parallel to traditional medicine, aimed at supporting and strengthening the treatment and/or alleviating the side effects of the treatment (Somer and Vatanoglu-Lutz, 2017). Lastly, the concept of alternative medicine consists mostly of unproven therapies used in place of modern medicine and are used in some countries as a synonym for complementary medicine or traditional medicine (WHO, 2014; Oral et al., 2016).

Today, many individuals in the society refer to both Traditional and Complementary Medicine (TCM) methods for treatment, protective and cultural purposes. It is also mentioned that TCM applications are being used in increasing amounts. According to the WHO, 80 % in Africa, 70 % in Canada, 48 % in Australia and 42 % of the population in the United States refer to traditional practices (WHO, 2000). The prevalence of TCM use was reported to be 9.8–76.0 %...

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