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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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7: Methods Used in Childbirth Education and Current Approaches

Extract

Filiz Süzer Özkan

7:   Methods Used in Childbirth Education and Current Approaches

1 Introduction

Birth as a normal, natural and healthy action, it is a very special experience for the new born (baby), the mother and her spouse. The aim of antenatal education given during pregnancy is to protect the health of the mother and the baby by giving specific information about pregnancy, birth, postpartum and neonatal period (İşbir et al., 2015). At birth, the goal (independent of the form of birth) is the birth of a healthy baby, a healthy mother and an exuberant birth moment. The aim of childbirth education is to inform the mother and father through the trainings before birth, to reveal their expectations from birth, to ease and relieve the birth pain with relaxation and breathing exercises, to provide the information, support and care needed in this process to determine their preferences about the method of delivery, and to ensure their active participation in delivery (Buran, 2015; İşbir et al., 2015). The foundation of the methods used in childbirth education was taken by Grantly Dick Read in the 1930s to discover the importance of fear at birth and to create the circle of Fear-Tension-Pain (Mongan, 2016). The most well-known and applied methods in the world are “Lamaze”, “Bradley”, “HypnoBirthing-Mongan Method” and “Active Birth” method (Onat Bayram and Şahin, 2010; Buran, 2015; Serçekuş and Yenal, 2015). “Mindfulness-Based Birth and Parenthood” and “Birthing from Within” are the other methods...

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