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New Approaches in Health Sciences

New Methods and Developments in Health Sciences

Edited By Gökhan Aba

New methods, new approaches and advanced technologies have started to be used for patients to gain access to less costly and more quality diagnosis and treatment services in a shorter time. This book, which includes new approaches in health sciences, has been written by successful and expert researchers who work in different health disciplines of health sciences.

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17: Telerehabilitation

Extract

Özgü İnal and Berna Tunçer

17:   Telerehabilitation

1 Introduction

Telerehabilitation (TR) is an important sub-discipline of telemedicine and is a new method for remotely providing and monitoring of rehabilitation services. The use of TR has become more widespread with the increasing speed and development of communication and information technologies. It is accepted that TR has the potential to reduce global health disparities, especially in access to rehabilitation as an important advantage; the lack of adequate technological systems or inadequate use of technological systems in rural areas are defined as the limitations of TR applications. A common idea in literature is that the TR will be an effective application comparable to conventional rehabilitation service by increasing TR technologies and applications. This section aims to summarize the concept of TR, its advantages, limitations and areas of use by taking into account the current literature.

2 What Is Telerehabilitation?

In the literature, the words of telehealth, telemedicine and telerehabilitation are used interchangeably; this situation results in confusion. Telehealth is the most comprehensive term and includes both telemedicine and telerehabilitation concepts (Cason, 2009; Rogante et al., 2015). TR as one of the important areas of telemedicine, is a rehabilitation method which remotely provides service to clients by rehabilitation professionals (e.g. physicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech and language therapists and other rehabilitation team members) via telehealth technologies (Peretti et al., 2017). According to the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), TR is defined as the...

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