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Handbook of Energy and Environment Policy

Edited By Celil Aydin and Burak Darici

The book deals with the broad perspectives on the energy and environment topics and questions the traditional view on energy and environment policy and issues. Nowadays, energy and environmental issues can be accepted as the related subjects by the whole world. The link between energy and environment is backed to the time when only nature's primary resources were used. Primitive societies’ energy demand was small compared to the forces of the environment. With the emergence of industrial nations, the importance of energy and environment relation appeared again.

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13 Economic Development as a Driver of Environmental Pollution in Net Energy-importing Countries? New Evidence from a PSTR Model

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Celil Aydın, Ömer Esen and Dilek Özçoban

13   Economic Development as a Driver of Environmental Pollution in Net Energy-importing Countries? New Evidence from a PSTR Model

Introduction

The main objective of the economies is to ensure sustainable economic growth. Energy is an essential input for every stage of production and an important component of economic and social development as a necessary element for increasing people’s standard of living. As well as being closely related to the economic and social dimensions of sustainable growth, energy is also an effective parameter in determining domestic and foreign policies. Ensuring stable and sustainable economic growth for countries depends on maintaining and increasing production consistently. For the establishment of a stable economy, it is also important to ensure this need timely and continuously, as well as the need for energy resources. Otherwise, possible difficulties (disruptions) in supplying energy input may lead to a decrease in production level, loss of welfare and failure to achieve stable growth (Esen, 2016). In fact, it is a strategic product that forms the basis of international relations and directs the world economy and policies. The desire of countries to acquire or control energy resources shows that energy is a fundamental asset for policies (Aydin and Esen, 2016; Aydin and Esen, 2017a). This is even more important for net energy importing countries, which are limited energy sources and ensure their energy needs with imported energy inputs. In this process, global warming and the...

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