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Handbook of Energy and Environment Policy

Edited By Celil Aydin and Burak Darici

The book deals with the broad perspectives on the energy and environment topics and questions the traditional view on energy and environment policy and issues. Nowadays, energy and environmental issues can be accepted as the related subjects by the whole world. The link between energy and environment is backed to the time when only nature's primary resources were used. Primitive societies’ energy demand was small compared to the forces of the environment. With the emergence of industrial nations, the importance of energy and environment relation appeared again.

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14 An Institutional Overview of Climate Change

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Erol Türker Tümer and Elif Korkmaz

14   An Institutional Overview of Climate Change

Introduction

Since the Industrial Revolution, greenhouse gas accumulation in the atmosphere has been increasing due to accelerated industrial production. Especially in the second half of the 20th century, rapid increase in emissions growth have began. Recent studies demonstrate that our lifestyle and economic activities are the fundamental reasons of environmental problems like increasing global warming, changes in the climate structure, and loss of biodiversity. Previous research shows that economic growth, industrialization, urbanization, over-consumption, and globalization cause global warming by boosting greenhouse gas emissions which results in environmental degradation (Li and Lin, 2015; Aye et al., 2017; Aydin and Esen, 2018).

One of the first studies attracting attention in the international arena was the report titled The Limits to Growth, also known as the Rome Report, published in 1972. This study attracted a great deal of attention at the time of its publication and led to discussions on the subject in many areas from media to politics. One of the reasons for this great deal of attention was the claim that humanity will no longer have a planet to live on if lifestyles remain the same. The estimates made in the report set forth that the pressure on resources and the environment, arising from a rapidly growing global economy, will end up with an ecological crisis in the following century (Meadows and Tosun, 1978).

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