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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited By Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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Christian Decalogue: Between acceptance and marginalization

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Abstract: Attitudes towards the Decalogue, expressed either by the acceptance or rejection of its principles, constitute the signature of the transformation in Christian civilisation and culture. The author presents an argument about the deconstruction of the Decalogue which undergoes procedures of relativisation and is inscribed into cultural space transitioning from objective to subjective morality, from the morality of commands and proscriptions to the morality of casual choices, justified by the principles of situational conformity. Attitudes towards the Decalogue are the results not only of the consequence of selective choices and rejections, but also of subjective composition and casual structuring of the principles of the Decalogue. The level of acceptance of the commandments is relatively low, not only of those that apply to the principles of social morality, but more so those of family and sexual morality. On the one hand, this can be recognised as a manifestation of the culture of axionormative pluralism, but also as a manifestation of a specific twist in contemporary culture and an expression of the anomalies of social order. The Decalogue assumes the character of a reversed figure, marginalising the supernatural, as well as its religious roots in God’s creation. The reversed Decalogue shows up the cracks in the foundations of Christian civilisation and the lost experience of cultural identity. The chapter contains five points: The Decalogue in Christian tradition and its role in culture, The Decalogue accepted and rejected, The Decalogue of men and women, The Decalogue of those with a deep...

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