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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited By Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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Sense of meaning in the life of university students – Between continuity and change

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Abstract: What has been undertaken in this chapter is the issue of life sense as an element of religious experience. Referring to the data collected in the studies conducted in 1988, 1998, 2005 and 2017 by the Statistical Institute of the Catholic Church, the author makes an attempt to answer the questions concerning the sense-creating significance of religious faith, the feeling of life sense, as well as the values which provide sense in respondents’ life. Particular attention is drawn to the comparison of research results from 1988–2017. What can be noticed in that period is a decreasing percentage of respondents seeing the sense of life in religious faith with a simultaneously increasing percentage of respondents viewing this sense beyond religious faith. However, in the analyzed period, the high rank attributed to family life and love as the values giving the sense of life has not changed.

Keywords: academic youth, feeling of sense, values providing sense of life, subjective well-being

A question about the meaning of life, which one asks oneself more or less often, appears in the life of almost every human being. It is a great philosophical and existential issue which touches upon life. An answer to the question about the meaning of life is important not only from the point of view of an individual. The very fact of making a sociological attempt at answering the question about the meaning of life and values that make one’s life meaningful should not...

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