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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited By Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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Constancy in changeability – Attitudes and judgments of some moral attitudes

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Abstract: The subject of the chapter is the analysis of the moral attitudes of young people in the perspective of the dynamics of social change based on the results of empirical research. Attitudes towards homosexuality, euthanasia, prostitution, cloning, in vitro fertilization, adoption of children by same-sex couples and gender reassignment were analysed. Moral evaluation of young people towards particular social phenomena differ in the areas of constancy and variability.

Keywords: moral attitudes, social change, youth

Introduction

Not only observation of social life, but above all the effect of the diagnosis of humanistic coefficient prove the changeability of society, quite often in its fundamental aspects (Woźniak 1998, p. 57). The way social beings describe and explain both their own and other existential context is likely to reflect the actual state of that society. Declared attitudes, decisions taken and formulation of one’s own opinions about personal attitudes and decisions made by other people largely reflect an axionormative system and are manifestations of values that one experiences and follows.

The conducted survey, which is the subject of the present analysis, reflects the dynamics of social life and depicts a certain set of moral and social behaviors, as well as attitudes to them. The attitude of young people towards homosexuality, euthanasia, prostitution, cloning, in vitro fertilization, adoption of children by same-sex couples or a sex change characterizes the dynamics of social changes and flexibility of some social attitudes, but also a certain permanent...

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