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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited By Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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Students’ religiosity in their own assessment

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Abstract: The chapter presents an empirical report on the attitudes of Polish university students to their religiosity. It entails statistics on aspects of social life which represent religious resources and motivation both believing and disbelieving. The analysis includes also the intergenerational relationship within religious socialization and comparison in terms of religiosity. It is shown how students compare their religiosity to the religiosity of their parents. The empirical data are presented in the perspective of reflexivity and are based on longitudinal study including four time references points: 1988, 1998, 2005 and 2017. The chapter opens a wide perspective for processes of religious socialization in Poland. University students since three decades share a common conviction that the younger generation is less religious than the older generations. Gender roles in religious socialization are evident. The specific character of the socialization process in the perspective of reflexivity is distinguished in rural and urban zones.

Keywords: reflexivity, religious socialization, youth

Unlike an adult, a child is dependent on parents or guardians, does not perform autonomous social roles and does not enjoy full recognition as a person in society. Adolescence is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood. At the biological level, growing up manifests itself in phenotypic changes, such as organ development or the change of body appearance. These biological changes are also accompanied by changes in personality and mental traits. Adolescence is the time of identity formation and intensive socialization.

A somewhat simplified analysis of...

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