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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited By Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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University students’ self-declarations of interests and learning progress – Dynamics of phenomenon

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Abstract: The subjects of this study are the attitudes and opinions of students on cognitive interests and their progress in learning. The described data come from the analysis of statistical distributions obtained in the national sociological survey of 2017. The results were compared with data from previous editions of the study – from 1988, 1998 and 2005. It is worth noting that the interests of students study globally on similar values, such as music, literature and sport. On the other hand, the visits to the theater are the least popular. Regarding self-declaration of progress in science, young people most often attribute themselves to getting good grades and then very good grades. The data obtained in the study are an interesting supplement to other nationwide research, because they show the cognitive aspirations and sensitivity of young people to the surrounding phenomena.

Keywords: interests, grades, student youth

It is a cliché to say that young people’s interests are important and that they have an influence on shaping their behavior in social situations. Such a conclusion can also be drawn from the results of all-Poland sociological survey ‘Young People and Values’ conducted in May and June 2017. The obtained data prove to be the continuation of research problems from the previous years (1988, 1998 and 2005). One of the most distinctive features of young people is their tendency towards developing their interests, that is specific human desires strongly associated with cultural legacy. Engagement in specific school subjects, which...

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