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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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The Right to Work of Workers under Temporary Protection Status in Turkey

Extract



1 Introduction

Today, Turkey has been subjected to a massive influx of refugees with a magnitude incomparable to previous migrant movements in the history of the Republic (Szalanska, 2017: 75 and 78; Kirişçi, 2014: 14; Directorate General of Migration Management: 12.12.2018). The first convoy fleeing from the conflict in Syria entered Turkey on 29 April 2011 and as of 31 Jan 2019, 3 million 640 thousand 466 Syrians are registered under temporary protection (Directorate General of Migration Management: 05.02.2019). Turkey currently hosts the largest number of refugees in the world (Yıldız, 2017: 39; Szalanska, 2017: 73; Adıgüzel, 2018: 35; UNHCR: 10.12.2018).

45 % of Syrians under temporary protection are over 18 and 63 % are within the legal working age range (Kaygısız, 2017: 3). As of 15 November 2018, 32.199 work permits have been granted to Syrians (Refugees Association: 02.01.2019). The dimensions of informal employment can be understood when taking into consideration the size of the working age population. The majority of Syrians who join the workforce in order to maintain their lives work as employee under an employer. A small number of them establish a company or work as tradesmen or craftsmen with a small capital (Korkmaz, 2018: 64–65; Kaya and Eren, 2015: 60). It is estimated that these people employ nearly 100,000 people (Yağcı: 10.12.2018). However, since the first condition of becoming a civil servant is to be a Turkish citizen, Syrians...

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