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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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Migration and Urban Space: The Distribution of Syrian Asylum Seekers in the Space

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1 Introduction

The phenomenon of migration is a concept that many countries are living today, with the fact that the concept of refugee differs from immigrant. Immigration movements take place when individuals seek for better living standards and socio-economic opportunities. However, compulsory migration movements take place due to wars, ethnic conflicts, natural disasters, in sum, due to coercive reasons. Further, while immigrants continue to benefit from the protection of their own state, the asylum seekers and refugees are not. (Cigerlioglu and Kara, 2017: 683). In compulsory migration movements, because of the coercive circumstances in the state at stake, the person is obliged to leave his country of origin and therefore must also need to be helped and protected by the destination country (Ergul, 2012: 219).

Because of internal conflict, chaos and the war in a country; asylum seekers, leaving a secure life and their homeland, try to build a new life in a foreign country. The asylum seeker has to adapt to their new socio-cultural environment in which he emigrated and in the process, begin to perceive the space he has lived according to this new identity. In addition to all this, people who do not know each other before, their tradition, their lifestyles, and their customs, their languages, they have to build an intercultural interaction (Paker, 2005 (as cited in Kuzu, 2005).

According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNCHR), by the end of 2016 there are 65.6 million people forcibly displaced...

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