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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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The Journeys of Afghan Immigrants and the Relationship among Immigrants

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1 Introduction

In the traditional lifestyle, migrations are experienced every now and then both due to famine and security. However, in today’s modern lifestyle, migration takes up a greater place in our lives. People may migrate due to social, political, religious, and racial reasons. The phenomenon of migration has also become very important since modern period has been able to produce tools for continuous displacement of people.

The advanced levels of weaponry and organization in contemporary life has also greatly increased the volume of the fights between enemies. This volume causes millions of people to migrate. The country of the Afghan migrants addressed in this study has been through various occupations and invasions and as a result of these, many people have settled in Iran. There are waves of migration from Iran to Turkey as well.

The process, which started with the socialist government inviting Russian military forces into Afghanistan to ensure stability, has marked one of the important breaking points of Afghanistan’s streaks of misfortune. Having started in 1979, this process is still a downward spiral.

Being historically, geographically, and socially familiar with the notion of migration, Turkey has undertaken major burdens and responsibilities (Kara and Kokrut, 2010). While Turkey looks for solutions to the problems of its own citizens, it also hosts the nations that seek refuge in Turkey. During the rule of both the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey, many people have migrated to Turkey...

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