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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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Turkish Migration Policies in the Context of Syrian Refugees through from the Turkish Citizens’ Perspective: The Case of Konya

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1 Introduction

Migration policies and governance, one of the main public policy research areas, involves important issues faced by Turkey in recent years as a result of an intense wave of immigration. Evaluated on a global scale, the immigration phenomenon, which is very complicated and difficult to define, needs to be studied using a multidisciplinary approach. It can be said firmly that migration movements started at the very beginning of human history.

The wave of immigration due to the war in Syria that began in 2011 is considered to be one of the biggest humanitarian crises the world is facing today. Millions of Syrians had to leave their country to escape this war. Since there are no strong indicators suggesting the war is going to end, it cannot be predicted when the migration crisis will come to a close. More than half of Syrians forced to flee their country migrated to Turkey. Syrians who initially settled in the border provinces and in various camps settled widely across Turkey, especially in the metropolitan areas, due to the “Open-door” policy active at the time. Due to the fact that Syrians were regarded as guests in the country from the very beginning, Turkey has been one of the countries most affected by these migrations. Syrian migrants are also especially noticeable in the cities because the proportion of migrants to local population is relatively high, with various degrees of integration, which causes different reactions among citizens.

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