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Immigration Policy Studies

Theoretical and Empirical Migration Researches

Edited By Ufuk Bingöl

The migration movement, which has taken place since the beginning of the story of mankind, increasingly continues voluntarily or compulsorily for various reasons such as social challenges, technological revolutions and wars. Due to migration, many new questions emerge depending on these issues. Researchers from many different disciplines are looking for answers to these questions arising from migration movements. This book covers deep researches from different perspectives and disciplines upon migration by successful and expert researchers in their field. In this book, different and rigorous analyses of all areas influenced by migration are carried out and various dimensions of immigration studies are shown.

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Measuring Attitudes Towards Migrants: The Case of Bandirma

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1 Introduction

Since ancient times, migration has allowed people the choice to leave their countries and live abroad. The notion of migration, which can depend on conditions such as the country chosen and its density, can have many reasons. Concern for safety, one of the most basic human needs, is also counted among the factors that cause migration. Various concepts related to migration are found in the literature. The people undertaking this movement, which are given different names –particularly refugees, asylum seekers and migrants–, leave their country for various purposes.

The fact that Turkey is among the migration corridors puts Turkey at the center of the discussion on international migration. As a matter of fact, a significant migration wave to Turkey from neighboring countries was initiated in the 1980s. This makes Turkey a receiving country as well as a transit country (Ünal, 2014:67–68).

The concepts related to migration are discussed and the theories of attitudes towards migrants are examined further in the literature review. Permanent residents may have differing attitudes towards migrants who reside in their countries. Migrants who live in Turkey can, indeed, affect the attitudes of the inhabitants in Turkey towards them. Besides its status as an origin country, Turkey has, in recent years, attracted attention as a receiving country thanks to various political, economic, social events occurring in neighboring countries.

In terms of the subject and the purpose of the study, the increasing number of...

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