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The Role of Women in Turkish Economy

Current Situation, Problems and Policies

Edited By Elif Nuroğlu and Çiydem Çatak

The contributing authors in this book emphasize that in Turkey the female labor force participation rate is distinctly lower than in advanced economies despite a significant improvement in the last decade. The indicated data evoke several simple questions. Firstly, what's holding women back? What are the impediments to female labor force participation that cause the gender gap in employment? Secondly, what are the costs of lower economic participation of women for themselves, their families and the economy as a whole? We hope that identifying and assessing factors that enhance or mute labor force participation of women can open important policy insights.

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The Low Female Representation in Senior Roles in Turkey: A Discussion under the Framework of the Glass Ceiling Syndrome


Abstract: This chapter examines the reasons of the low female representation in senior management levels in Turkey under the framework of the Glass Ceiling syndrome. Although participation rate of women in the labor force has increased over time, their representation in executive positions remains low. The Glass Ceiling syndrome describes the invisible and impenetrable barriers for advancing into senior positions and has three dimensions that have personal, organizational, and societal roots. When the roots of this syndrome are analyzed, it is seen that the problem lies not just at the top of the organizations but grows from very early childhood, education opportunities, social, and cultural pre-acceptances. Employment opportunities and promotion are merely a consequence. Breaking the glass ceiling barriers requires long-term work inclusive of many actors in the society ranging from families to education system, to the government and to businesses, and a mentality transformation in the society regarding the position and abilities of women. In order to have more women at senior roles, it is suggested that the policies should take into account personal, organizational, and societal aspects of the Glass Ceiling syndrome with the opinion that it is not an investment for today but also for our future generations.

Keywords: Female workforce, Turkey, Glass Ceiling syndrome, Senior roles

1. Introduction

Women’s participation in the workforce has implications not only for women, but also for companies and entire economies. In this regard, female capacity and expertise is an underutilized resource for...

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