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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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1 An Analysis of Turkey’s Amnesty Policy: The Case of Law No. 4616 (Rahşan Amnesty)

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Onur Kulaç and Canberk Bulut

1   An Analysis of Turkey’s Amnesty Policy: The Case of Law No. 4616 (Rahşan Amnesty)

Introduction

There are numerous problems in societies all over the world that need to be addressed and sorted out by governments. To produce solutions to arising issues, official policy actors in countries mainly focus on the public policy-making process. Public policies are mostly developed by governing and administrative bodies of government (Shires, 2004: 350) and, hence, impact the lives of citizens critically. According to MacRae and Wilde (1985: 12), policy is “a chosen course of action significantly affecting a large number of people.” Whether this effect on society will be direct or indirect (Birkland, 2005: 20) depends on the decision taken by policymakers. On the other hand, public policy is defined by Kraft and Furlong (2004: 4) as a “course of government action (or inaction) taken in response to social problems.” The majority of governments choose to act or take immediate action against societal issues to live up to citizens’ expectations.

Similar to other public policies, the amnesty policy of a government is exceptionally significant for maintaining the order in the country. Over the course of ages, governments have created numerous amnesty policies. Turkey is one of the countries which have implemented multiple amnesty policies under the rule of various political parties. The amnesty policy of Turkey should be regarded as a “Meso-Level” public policy which falls between micro- and macro-level...

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