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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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5 Public Policy for Renewable Energy Resources in Turkey

Extract

Ayşegül Saylam and Doğan Nadi Leblebici

5   Public Policy for Renewable Energy Resources in Turkey

Introduction

“Over 70 % of global energy investments will be government-driven and as such the message is clear – the world’s energy destiny lies with decisions and policies made by governments.”

Dr. Fatih Birol, Executive Director, International Energy Agency (IEA, 2018).

The contribution of energy from fossil fuels to the economy cannot be denied. Today, however, governments tend to move towards a more sustainable, efficient, greener economy, reducing the dependence on foreign resources, because such traditional fossil fuels fail to respond to energy demand and create environmental problems. (Ellabban et al. 2014: 749). The share of renewable energy resources has been promoted under the leadership of related institutions and organizations. According to the IEA’s Renewables 2017 Report, approximately 25 % of the world’s power demand is met by renewable energy resources, and expected to reach 30 % in 2022 (IEA, 2017). According to International Renewable Energy Agency, the total capacity of renewable energy in the world reached 2.179.099 MW in 2018. The leading countries in this capacity are China, America, Brazil, Germany, and India respectively (IRENA, 2018: 2–5). China is expected to have 40 % of its share in total global renewable energy by 2022 due to its concerns about air pollution and population surplus (IEA, 2017). It is clear that renewable energy policies will have a priority in energy distribution for...

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