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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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21 Analyzing the Turkish Foreign Policy on Energy

Extract

Levent Yiğittepe

21   Analyzing the Turkish Foreign Policy on Energy

Introduction

It is seen that the importance of energy has always increased since the Second World War, when especially the modern industrial production emerged, until today. The acceleration of globalization and the change in the needs of the people living in the world have led the countries to look for ways to reach energy resources easily. In this context, while the countries with sufficient energy resources are pushing their energy resources to find a global market, the countries with poor energy compel them to establish close cooperation with these countries in line with the needs of their citizens on the other hand. The countries in this situation can highlight their energy policies in determining their foreign policies. In other words, the countries see their energy policies as part of their foreign policy. It is an essential pillar of the public policies of the countries to produce mutually beneficial policies on both sides. When the distribution of energy resources in the world is examined, it is seen that it focuses on certain geographies. Especially the Middle East and Central Asia emerge as very rich regions in terms of energy. It can be said that the countries such as USA and Russia, which are seen as global powers, have different plans and policies on these regions. As a result of many researches, it is stated that the reason for the internal conflicts in the energy-rich...

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