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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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23 Evaluation of Developments in Public Policies Relevant with Occupational Health and Safety in Turkey

Extract

Beyza Bertan

23   Evaluation of Developments in Public Policies Relevant with Occupational Health and Safety in Turkey

Introduction

Like many other European countries, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) has been considered as one of the essential elements of professional business life in Turkey in parallel with advancing and evolving industry and technology. In the meantime, OHS is closely related to two essential stakeholders of business life, called employee and employer, as well as the government encircling these stakeholders. In order to protect the health of employees at work and ensure their safety, various changes have been seen with the OHS action plans in Turkey. These changes were seen to reach extraordinarily high levels sometimes. Notably, global contributions of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) to OHS have substantially altered the OHS approach in Turkey like many others. Upon the foundation of the Turkish National Occupational Health and Safety Council in 2005, social parties of OHS (unions of employee and employer and their parent organisations), civil society organisations, and other relevant organisations and institutions gathered around the same table. A platform was established for the determination of OHS needs, priority, policy and strategies, in which stakeholders gain a chance for exposing their opinions and considerations. With this structure, needs and priorities were determined within the scope of OHS, and a strategy was drawn.

Moreover, the Labor Law with 4857th Serial number enacted in 2003 and which displayed some...

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