Interfaith Spaces and Claims of Religious Identity
Edited By Andreas Kunz-Lübcke
In the latest discussion on the relations between religions, it has often been argued that monotheism necessarily leads to intolerance and exclusivism. A religion which claims to worship «the one and only true God» is inevitably forced to reject every religious behaviour and practices of «the Other». But is this really the case? This volume contains contributions which discuss the major question: What are the instruments and the strategies used in different religious settings where interreligious encounter is part of daily life? Most of the contributions concentrate on the challenges of theology in the context of India. A special focus will be on approaches for interreligious coexistence derived from Biblical or Systematic Theology.
Ethno-Religious Space: Transitional Movement Towards Deterritorialization and Ambivalent Identity
Abstract: The world is still multi-ethnic and religious so identities related to these are at risk in many countries. In India, identity politics and the politics of control continue to generate long-term violence. The territorial fragmentation, displacement both physical and psychological, and disempowerment among different groups are enormous. For many in India identity mapping within their own ethnic-religious identity and Indian-national identity is still ambivalent and conflicting, an issue of intense sensitivity. India is typically branded as a Hindu nation in which secularism is contested along the lines of ethno-religious, cultural conflicts. Under Hindutva, the Hindu fundamentalists propagate the extremist ideology of Hinduism leaving the ethnic and religious minority groups in constant fear of being violated and reducing them to second-class citizens. This demand has led to the seeking of Hindu Nationhood, who is to be included and excluded, or who is to be inside the border and who is to be on the other side? Twenty-first century India is uncertain playing with the tension between the concepts of idiosyncratic indigenize India and what should India be in the impending future. There is likely to be greater intolerance of religious minorities, as religious and national identities continue to be closely linked and more restrictions on religious minorities and the removal of the remaining protections for religious liberty. But democratic India has always been and will continue to be a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic country therefore in order to give space to coexist there is a need to leave our...
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