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Morphogenesis of Industrial Symbiotic Networks

Erika Džajić Uršič

The study deals with Industrial Symbiosis (IS), a term used to describe a network of diverse organizations that make use of different by-products to improve their facility to achieve common goals, improve environmental conditions or improve business and technical processes. Industrial symbiosis is understood as a technological material as well as a social relationship between so-called social actors, which are involved in the exchange of secondary resources.

The author proposes a model for the evaluation of the possibilities to establish such industrial symbiosis with a study benchmark of seven industrial symbiotic examples used to build a qualitative multi-criteria decision model for the evaluation of the industrial symbiotic network model. With the data obtained from the best-known industrial symbiotic cases in the world, the author examines the importance of social actors’ involvement in industrial symbiosis both in their industrial and non-industrial technological processes.

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7 Conclusion and discussion

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Let us briefly summarize our key findings first. In the second chapter, we attempted to understand how the existing literature explains industrial ecology, industrial symbiosis. We conceptualized the morphogenesis/development of industrial symbiotic networks. We theorized industrial symbiotic’s social aspects into structure of contemporary theories of sociology of social fields, development, behaviour, values, and principles in the industrial symbiotic networking. Seven industrial areas were exanimated and their main features were outlined. The methodological part presented a qualitative multi-criteria model for evaluating the level of developed regional industrial symbiotic networks. The model is based on the available literature for industrial symbiosis and its networks, from which we have extracted the most relevant and most general attributes to build it. We have also defined the relations amongst attributes in terms of easily understandable »if… then« rules. We outlined the key benefits of the model of industrial symbiotic network, we supported our statements using seven of the most famous examples of industrial symbiotic best practice, and we provided a detailed description of the attributes and utility functions of the aggregated attributes (Boshkoska, Džajić and Rončević 2018).

In Chapter 6, we presented how the values of the attributes were obtained and how difficult it is to measure each attribute quantitatively. A design through a set of indicators from each of the spheres was proposed, which has a comparative and/or descriptive role to understand the requirements of the development of an industrial symbiotic network.

In Chapter 7, since...

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