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The Social Status of Languages in Finland and Lithuania

A Plurimethodological Empirical Survey on Language Climate Change


Edited By Stephan Kessler and Marko Pantermöller

Finland and Lithuania stand for different ways of dealing with societal multilingualism and minority issues. However, in recent years, questions of language policy had been discussed more controversially in both countries. Thus our detailed surveys on Finland and Lithuania focused on how different population groups think about the lingual situation there. This publication presents the researchers’ results from between 2014 and 2016 regarding the attitudes towards the minority and majority languages. Key to the research was an especially developed methodological mixture, including the matched-guise technique. The surveys’ final reports to the German Research Foundation (DFG) are followed by contributions that give more details on the legal status of the languages in Finland and Lithuania or describe the specific features of urban multilingualism there.

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Anastasija Kostiučenko: The Language Situation in Lithuania—Is There Anything to Worry About?


Anastasija Kostiučenko

The Language Situation in Lithuania—Is ThereAnything to Worry About?

Abstract. A specific language situation is correlated with a specific language policy. This fact is also true for Lithuania and its sociolinguistic constellation. The question of whether there is a reason to worry in the case of Lithuania can only be answered by knowing and analysing the relevant premises and prevailing language attitudes. The article presents a detailed documentation of an experimental study on language attitudes conducted in Lithuania between 2014 and 2016. Based on selected results, it provides a description of sociolinguistic profiles of Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šalčininkai and Visaginas.


1 Introduction

2 The survey of language attitudes: the matched-guise technique

2.1 Short documentation of the pre-investigations

2.2 The building block of the matched-guise experiment

3 Sociolinguistic profiles of the data collecting sites and their residents

3.1 Vilnius (157 subjects)

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