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The Social Status of Languages in Finland and Lithuania

A Plurimethodological Empirical Survey on Language Climate Change


Edited By Stephan Kessler and Marko Pantermöller

Finland and Lithuania stand for different ways of dealing with societal multilingualism and minority issues. However, in recent years, questions of language policy had been discussed more controversially in both countries. Thus our detailed surveys on Finland and Lithuania focused on how different population groups think about the lingual situation there. This publication presents the researchers’ results from between 2014 and 2016 regarding the attitudes towards the minority and majority languages. Key to the research was an especially developed methodological mixture, including the matched-guise technique. The surveys’ final reports to the German Research Foundation (DFG) are followed by contributions that give more details on the legal status of the languages in Finland and Lithuania or describe the specific features of urban multilingualism there.

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Laima Kalėdienė: Lithuanian Language Policy: Past and Present Duel


Laima Kalėdienė

Lithuanian Language Policy: Past andPresent Duel

Abstract. This article reviews some trends appeared in the public usage of the Lithuanian language. It evaluates the changes, emerged during the first 15 years of the new millennium, as well as how the problems of management of language policy that have emerged from these trends have succeeded in solving both the state and society.


1 Significant changes in the Lithuanian legal base

2 Negative assessment of language policy

3 How is the Language Commission activity appreciated by the public?

4 The Law on the State Language as the object of the trade of politicians

5 A necessary change of the rules how to form women’s surnames as a measure of freedom of the people

6 The spelling of non-native surnames is a problem with most suggestions

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