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Antike und Byzanz als historisches Erbe in Südosteuropa vom 19.–21. Jahrhundert

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Edited By Hans-Christian Maner and Ioannis Zelepos

Der Sammelband enthält Beiträge internationaler Experten aus verschiedenen Fachdisziplinen zur Wahrnehmung von Antike und Byzanz als historischem Erbe in Südosteuropa vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart. Die Fallbeispiele reichen von Bosnien-Herzegowina bis zur Türkei. Die Autoren untersuchen Medialisierungen von Vergangenheit in komparativer Perspektive im Hinblick auf wissenschaftliche Diskurse sowie auf politische und ideologische Indienstnahmen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung jüngster und gegenwärtiger Entwicklungen. Ihre differenzierten Einzelanalysen liefern somit ein wertvolles Kompendium zum aktuellen Thema «Public History» in der Region.

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The concept of “Romanity” north of the Danube as an outcome of Roman and Byzantine legacy in the 19th–21st century historiography

Abstract

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Andrei V. Baltag

The main objective of this article is to point out noteworthy aspects regarding accomplishments, as well as confusions or exaggerations around the idea of “Romanity” in historiography. Therefore, we propose a synthesized approach focused on the specific historical contexts, in which different considerations were expressed, something that should allow a better understanding of historiographical analysis.

In order to shed light on the concept of “Romanity”, we shall outline the components contained in this topic, starting from a general overview to a gradually more systematically inquiry.

The variety1 of historiographical opinions expressed in the aforementioned matter tends to offer a distinct shape and content on whether the population has been or has not been a subject of romanization and consequently a heir of the byzantine legacy. It is commonly known, that the essence of this debate, from where the Romanity of the Romanians’ derives, requires answers based on methodology and scientific expertise, based on historical sources evidence and, constantly updated with new results.

However, the purpose of this presentation is not to weight the degree of veracity of one or another opinion presented in Romanian historiography, but to examine, ←99 | 100→how the idea of “Romanity” was launched and conceptualized in respective contexts.

A first relevant moment concerning our research was the the questioning of the idea of continuity by the so called “immigration theory” launched by Franz Joseph Sulzer against the representatives of the Transylvanian...

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