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River-Friendly Cities

An Outline of Historical Changes in Relations between Cities and Rivers and Contemporary Water-Responsible Urbanization Strategies

Anna Januchta-Szostak

The history of urbanization was inseparably connected with the exploitation of the environment and the subjugation of rivers. Today we experience the effects of this expansion in the form of escalating water problems. The book outlines the processes of transformation of anthropogenic, natural and waterborne structures in urban environment, which were presented in three historical phases: the period of Respect, Conquest and Return. River-friendly cities require integrated water management in entire catchments from the source to the recipient. The key to the success of the Return strategy is the recovery of space for greenery and water, responsible spatial planning, circular economy and rainwater management as well as continuous raising of awareness of the whole society.

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Tab. 2.1: The conquest period – the most critical changes within the river valleys and city catchment areas as well as their consequences - analysis of RGB urban structures.

Tab. 3.2: The profile of the most important international documents and events which influenced the change in city-river relation in terms of sustainable development as well as the enhancement of rivers and cities quality.

Tab. 3.3: Environmental ethics and various approaches to the relation with the environment (developed by: Świątek 2017 based on Thompson 2000).

Tab. 5.4: The template of cultural (R), environmental (G) and hydrological (B) goals orientated towards invigorating urban rivers (developed by A. Januchta-Szostak).

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