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Technological and Digital Risk: Research Issues

Edited By Gevisa La Rocca and Juan Martínez Torvisco

What are the borders of risk? How is the perception of risk related to new technologies and digital changing? This book discusses these topics, moving from theories to research data, looking for concrete answers now, or taking a picture of reality. The volume is divided into three main sections: Exploring the Edges of Risk, according to sociological, psychological and artificial intelligence perspective; Technological and Digital Risks, exploring social media, cyberbullying, hate speech, social bots on digital platforms; Risk in the Cities, working with risk and deviance, risk communication, environmental and nuclear risks. Inside, research data from Europe, USA and Mexico are discussed.

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Chapter Seventeen Risk-Scape: Three-Dimensional Interpretation (Gevisa La Rocca / Juan Martínez-Torvisco)

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Gevisa La Rocca and Juan Martínez-Torvisco

Through the pages of this volume, we have explored technological and digital risk, using not only theories but also research data.

In these last pages, we want to reconstruct the sense of risk, as it appeared to scholars here.

Moving from Mannheim’s teachings (1952), our words can be analyzed as “cultural objectifications”, that is as fragments of a wider total knowledge; as portions of social reality, that emerge from our studies.

Our task is therefore to reason on the formation of the sense we use in the cognitive act and which should in some way give us back the phenomenon in its entirety thanks to the intertwining of practices and meanings (Mannheim 1952). Mannheim tackles the methodological problem of the scientific study of cultural objects80 by following a phenomenological approach and considering them as “structured sense units”. Cultural objects are positioned in a sort of sphere or level between theoretical and irrational understanding. For this reason, their study requires an interpretation of the layers of meaning: a) the objective meaning; b) the expressive meaning c) the documentary meaning (1952). In order to understand a cultural object as opposed to a natural one, not only is it necessary to penetrate its objective meaning- that is how it appears to us- but also to fully understand its nature.

The consequence of this is that the cultural objects of daily life are to be considered as...

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