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Changes and Challenges of Cross-border Mobility within the European Union

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Edited By Trine Lund Thomsen

This book presents the results of the MIDA-project – the impact of labour migra-tion from the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries to the Danish labour market. In addition, it includes chapters that focus on labour mobility in other EU countries. The project stems from collaboration between researchers from the former CoMID (the Research Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity) at Aalborg University and the Department of Occupational Medicine at the Regional Hospital West Jutland.
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Chapter 2 Stealing Jobs and Benefits: Bulgarians and Romanians in British Print Media (Denny Pencheva)

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Denny Pencheva

Chapter 2 Stealing Jobs and Benefits: Bulgarians and Romanians in British Print Media

Introduction

It has been convincingly argued that the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 was the watershed event which transformed migration from humanitarian into a security concern (Huysmans 2006: 65). Ever since, the European East-West relations have been a curious blend of excitement, emancipation and concerns regarding the viability of the political project that is the European Union (EU). The Eastern enlargement of the EU is particularly politically significant because it has posed new challenges and questions about the nature, as well as future of Europe. It formally began in 2004 with the accession of ten countries (EU 10): Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. One of the objectives of the Eastern Enlargement was to regularise the irregular status of many Central and Eastern Europeans (henceforth, CEEs) who were present in large numbers in old Member States, such as Germany, Austria and Great Britain (Fassmann and Munz 1994; Markova and Black 2008; Wallace 2002).

Intra-EU migrations have resulted in a significant rise of mobility between Member States, estimated at approximately 3 %, up from 0.1 % prior to the three rounds of Eastern Enlargement (Sanchez in Arcarazo and Wiesbrock 2015: 90). Such vast population movements have brought numerous economic opportunities and benefits but have also presented some old Member States with challenges. For example, in 2011 Spain reintroduced labour...

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