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Changes and Challenges of Cross-border Mobility within the European Union

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Edited By Trine Lund Thomsen

This book presents the results of the MIDA-project – the impact of labour migra-tion from the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries to the Danish labour market. In addition, it includes chapters that focus on labour mobility in other EU countries. The project stems from collaboration between researchers from the former CoMID (the Research Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity) at Aalborg University and the Department of Occupational Medicine at the Regional Hospital West Jutland.
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Chapter 3 Two Sides of the Baltic Sea: Lithuanians as Labour Migrants and Mobile EU Workers in Sweden (Indre Genelyte)

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Indre Genelyte

Chapter 3 Two Sides of the Baltic Sea: Lithuanians as Labour Migrants and Mobile EU Workers in Sweden

Introduction

This chapter aims to make both theoretical and empirical contributions to the better understanding of intra-European migration from New Member States (NMS) to Old Member States (OMS).1 It does so by addressing Lithuanian migration to Sweden from the perspective of the sending country and the testimony of the migrants themselves. It aims to explain migration decision-making as being constituted by, and also constituting, the evolving frameworks and patterns of migration over time and space. The main questions explored are why and how Lithuanians pursue emigration and enter Sweden and the Swedish labour market. The why question points to understanding the main reasons for this labour migration and the particular choice of Sweden as the host country. The how explores the exit channels from Lithuania and entrance to the Swedish labour market utilised by Lithuanians arriving at different points between 1998 and 2013. By addressing the linkages between why and how, the chapter aims to explain who can be and who is a migrant.

While much research on migration from NMS to OMS addresses Polish migration in the UK, Ireland and Scandinavia, Lithuanian migration to Sweden has received less attention, despite the fact that Lithuania has one of the highest negative net migration rates in the European Union (EU), exceeding even Poland and Romania (Eurostat 2016). After the EU enlargement in...

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