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Changes and Challenges of Cross-border Mobility within the European Union

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Edited By Trine Lund Thomsen

This book presents the results of the MIDA-project – the impact of labour migra-tion from the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries to the Danish labour market. In addition, it includes chapters that focus on labour mobility in other EU countries. The project stems from collaboration between researchers from the former CoMID (the Research Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity) at Aalborg University and the Department of Occupational Medicine at the Regional Hospital West Jutland.
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Chapter 5 Should We Stay or Should We Go? – A Longitudinal Study of the Significance of Affiliation to the Danish Labour Market and Linked Lives for Outmigration Patterns for European Immigrants in Denmark (Ruth Emerek and Rasmus Juul Møberg)

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Ruth Emerek and Rasmus Juul Møberg

Chapter 5 Should We Stay or Should We Go? – A Longitudinal Study of the Significance of Affiliation to the Danish Labour Market and Linked Lives for Outmigration Patterns for European Immigrants in Denmark

Introduction

As in other western countries, the change in the composition of the population in Denmark is due to a globalisation of migration as well as an acceleration of migration (Castles and Miller 2009: 10–11). Despite the financial crisis and the structural changes in the Danish labour market, the influx of European migrant workers has increased, particularly in the context of the phasing out of the East agreement (Østaftalen) in 2008.1 In addition, Denmark has special arrangements for giving work permits to highly and specially qualified immigrants, and has given asylum to refugees from war – most recently from Syria.

The aim of this chapter is to describe the immigration to Denmark, and the change of the population in Denmark within the last decades. After this short introduction, the chapter focuses on immigrants from Europe and their potential settlement and outmigration by analyses of the duration of stay of these immigrants and their reasons for possible outmigration, in order to discuss how migrants from Europe add to the Danish population and labour force. A special focus is on the migrant pattern of immigrants from the Eastern part of the EU (the new free movers from the EU) compared to immigrants from the...

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