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JOURNALISM IN TURKEY:

PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES

Edited By Devrim İnce and Yurdagül Bezirgan Arar

Journalism in Turkey has an ambivalent characteristic. On the one hand, the social demand for genuine journalism has increased, and on the other hand, news has turned into a tool within the polluted political polarization atmosphere.
In the age of fake news and post-truth, practices of journalism in Turkey both contain significantly striking examples of how media professionals overcome the barriers and also give some clues about the changing nature of journalism. The book examines the deep crisis mainstream media experience in Turkey. New-born media institutions, alternatives, their start-up strategies, and transformation of journalism field are scrutinized by qualitative and quantitative methods. The book aims to present a current picture of journalism in Turkey by underlining both historical continuities and breaks from the tradition.
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An Ever-Lasting Status Quo: Journalistic Field in Turkey (Gökçen Başaran-İnce)

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Gökçen Başaran-İnce

An Ever-Lasting Status Quo: Journalistic Field in Turkey

Introduction

Unlike in Western modernization, the newspaper did not emerge as an outcome of material production processes and class relations in Turkey. It was introduced to the society by the State, as part of an official modernization project. Its faith was determined by the rise and fall of the elites who transformed the people and the state with contentious projects. During the preliminary modernization efforts of the Republic, it was authorized as the “display of modernization” by performing “reform journalism”. With the advent of the multi-party system, a partial autonomy arrived in tandem with the development of capitalism which did not last long due to the rising authoritarianism of the new actors of politics. The partial autonomy has also been interrupted constantly by military interventions. Thus, throughout its history, the faith of newspapers has been in the hands of power groups that seized the State.

The current situation of journalism in Turkey tracks its historical heritage and all the contemporary crisis of journalism that is embodied as the monopolization of the journalistic field within neo-liberal and autocratic policies which creates a cultural production field in which voices of others are marginalized and journalism loses its autonomy. This journalistic crisis is neither inherent to Turkey, nor it is new. Journalistic field around the world is downsizing (Carson, 2014), journalists are losing their discursive authority (Lanosga and Houston, 2017) and...

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