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JOURNALISM IN TURKEY:

PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES

Edited By Devrim İnce and Yurdagül Bezirgan Arar

Journalism in Turkey has an ambivalent characteristic. On the one hand, the social demand for genuine journalism has increased, and on the other hand, news has turned into a tool within the polluted political polarization atmosphere.
In the age of fake news and post-truth, practices of journalism in Turkey both contain significantly striking examples of how media professionals overcome the barriers and also give some clues about the changing nature of journalism. The book examines the deep crisis mainstream media experience in Turkey. New-born media institutions, alternatives, their start-up strategies, and transformation of journalism field are scrutinized by qualitative and quantitative methods. The book aims to present a current picture of journalism in Turkey by underlining both historical continuities and breaks from the tradition.
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The Working Practices of the Glocal Foreign Turkish Media Institutions in the Context of Their Advantages and Disadvantages (Bilge Narin & Sevda Ünal)

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Bilge Narin & Sevda Ünal

The Working Practices of the Glocal Foreign Turkish Media Institutions in the Context of Their Advantages and Disadvantages

Introduction

The studies focusing on journalism and globalization have a consensus that the globalization of the media has led to a significant increase in the growth of entertainment news, commodification of news, and the rise of US-style sensational journalism (Shah, 1998; Thussu, 2002). Moreover, advances in communication technologies have led political authorities to engage in journalistic activities to influence and shape public opinion in other countries.

In this context, in accordance with the concept of glocalization that was defined by Robertson as ‘expansion of the concept of globalization’ (1997: 25), the media ecosystem in Turkey after the 2000s has become a center for the investments of the foreign media organizations that broadcasts in Turkish. The deregulation process in the Turkish media industry has speeded up this process from the 90s till now. For instance, any foreign investor could not have invested in any radio and television organizations in Turkey more than 25 % by law before 2015. Then, the 25 % capital restriction on national radio and TVs for foreign capital was removed with an amendment made in the RTÜK (The Supreme Board of Radio and Television) Law.

The glocal foreign Turkish media organizations are remarkable in terms of showing the interconnectedness and connection between global and local. While some of them are state-funded, the others...

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