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JOURNALISM IN TURKEY:

PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES

Edited By Devrim İnce and Yurdagül Bezirgan Arar

Journalism in Turkey has an ambivalent characteristic. On the one hand, the social demand for genuine journalism has increased, and on the other hand, news has turned into a tool within the polluted political polarization atmosphere.
In the age of fake news and post-truth, practices of journalism in Turkey both contain significantly striking examples of how media professionals overcome the barriers and also give some clues about the changing nature of journalism. The book examines the deep crisis mainstream media experience in Turkey. New-born media institutions, alternatives, their start-up strategies, and transformation of journalism field are scrutinized by qualitative and quantitative methods. The book aims to present a current picture of journalism in Turkey by underlining both historical continuities and breaks from the tradition.
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Visualization of the Revolution: Symbols, Typography and Page Design in the Early Republican Journalism (Devrim İnce)

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Devrim İnce

Visualization of the Revolution: Symbols, Typography and Page Design in the Early Republican Journalism

Introduction

At the beginning of the last century, the world had staged not only the revolutionaries, demagogues and new generation autocrats; but also, artists, social scientists and, of course, journalists. After all, it was the golden age of mass movements, revolutions and propaganda and past and future were about to separate. In 1917 Russian Empire collapsed due to the February Revolution; afterwards, respectively Second Reich and Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, Ottoman Empire in 1922 shared the same destiny in a few years following WW1. Those who replaced them neither have the Orthodox Church like the Russian Tsar, nor the title of the caliph of the Ottoman Emperors or the nobility of the Habsburgs. But it could be understood that they had more useful new-born tool-sheds called mass communication for legitimizing and popularizing themselves. By the way, compared to the former rulers’ tool-sheds the new actors had got unique superiority. The new rulers managed to make so much change in such a short time, even in societies living with inertia of centuries, thanks to the possibilities provided by mass media.

In the case of Turkey, with the expression of Kemal Atatürk, it was Turkish general revolution that brought a new society within (2006: 397). Following the abolition of the sultanate, in a few decades a series of super-structural revolutions were implemented from gender equality to civil...

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