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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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Precarity, Gender and Migration: The Case of the Professional Syrian Male Migrants in Turkey: (Burcu ŞENTÜRK)



Precarity, Gender and Migration: The Case of the Professional Syrian Male Migrants in Turkey1

1 Introduction

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) underlined that the world is facing the most severe refugee crisis in the last 20 years regarding the armed conflict in Syria. Due to the severe armed conflict in Syria, millions of Syrians have been displaced and left Syria to find asylum. Turkey witnessed an unprecedented mass migration movement in 2011 and host the largest number of Syrian refugees. According to the official numbers, approximately 3.610.398 million refugees from Syria live in Turkey by 2019 and the number of Syrians remaining in the camps is 112.708 (DGMM, 2018).

The migration process has economic, political, social and cultural repercussions both on Syrian refugees and on the people living in Turkey. In that sense, growing Syrian population in Turkey takes the attention of the academic research inevitably. A significant body of literature emerged in a diverse spectrum from studies focusing on legal schema and its effect on the living conditions of Syrians (see Yıldız and Uzgören 2016, Kirişci 2014), integration to labor market and society (see İçduygu and Şimşek 2016) to media representation (Yaylacı and Karakuş 2015). Gender relations stand for a major field of study not only in the case of Syrians in Turkey but also for the migrant communities in many other cases because of the significant impact of migration...

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