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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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Refugee Camps: Reflection of Irregular Migration on the Living Space: (Elif Fatma SALİHOĞLU)

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Elif Fatma SALİHOĞLU

Refugee Camps: Reflection of Irregular Migration on the Living Space

1 Introduction

Since the last quarter of the 20th century, international migration has increased statistically due to positive or negative causes such as violation of human rights, wars, ethnic conflicts, demand for labor, career goals, and inadequate geographical conditions. Especially due to security concerns, irregular forced migration cases turned into major problems to be managed in the 21st century. Therefore, it can be said that a process started in which interdisciplinary studies were made by researchers and a wide range of institutions on areas such as migration policies of countries, integration of migrants, their psychology, education, economic contributions and expenses, rights and status.

When it comes to forced migration, we see that people migrating to another target country due to war, conflict and similar situations take action without any preliminary preparation, planned action and savings to start a new life. As mentioned above, regarding the concept of migration, which is a subject of interdisciplinary studies, there is a requirement for more studies in a wide range of disciplines such as psychology, sociology and anthropology especially specific to forced migration and irregular migration phenomena; because it is highly likely for the target countries to be caught unprepared by human mobility due to the factors triggering the migration. When human-living space interaction is taken into consideration, it is evident that this trend in social sciences is also important in...

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