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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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Daily Life Experiences of Asylum Seekers in the Context of Disaffiliation and Social Contacts: (Mine KARAKUŞ YETKİN and Bilhan KARTAL)

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Mine KARAKUŞ YETKİN and Bilhan KARTAL

Daily Life Experiences of Asylum Seekers in the Context of Disaffiliation and Social Contacts1

1 Introduction

Asylum seekers in Turkey come from the Middle Eastern and African countries who are adversely affected by postcolonial globalization and the neo-liberal restructuring processes, and in which political economic instability is dominant. This process started with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and continues with population movements such as Turkish and Muslim origin population from Bulgaria in 1989, Kurds and Iraqis who fled the Halabja massacre and Gulf War in 1990 and 1991, again Iraqis who sought to take refuge in Turkey due to the destabilization caused by the military intervention in the beginning of 2000, Afghans fleeing the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and the Syrians fleeing the civil war since 2011. In addition, there is a dense population created by the transit migration-irregular migration-asylum-seeker mobility that consists of people who try to escape from conflicts, ecological problems and poverty in sub-Saharan African countries since the late 1980s. Expressed as asylum seekers within the scope of this study, these people come to Turkey with the objective of reaching and settling in developed countries such as America, Canada, Australia and EU countries.

Within the scope of the discussion that will be approached in this chapter, the distinction and use of the concepts of “refugee” and “asylum seeker” is important in terms of pointing to different positions and experiences. Therefore, to clarify...

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