Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations
Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün
The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.
Effect of Refugees on the Components of Economic Misery: An Empirical Analysis of Top Refugee-Hosting Countries: (Figen BÜYÜKAKIN, Yüksel BAYRAKTAR and Ayfer ÖZYILMAZ)
Figen BÜYÜKAKIN, Yüksel BAYRAKTAR and Ayfer ÖZYILMAZ
Effect of Refugees on the Components of Economic Misery: An Empirical Analysis of Top Refugee-Hosting Countries
Refugees are one of the major problems for both developed and developing countries. Currently, with the influence of the Arab spring, one of the biggest refugee crises is experienced. The forced displaced population, which was 43.3 million in 2009, increased to 70.8 million in 2018, reaching a record level. Most of this increase consist of civil wars and conflicts in Syria between 2012 and 2015. Besides, in this increase, conflicts in countries such as Iraq and Yemen in the Middle East, Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan in Sub-Saharan Africa play an important role (UNHCR, 2018).
In 2018, forced displaced refugee population reached approximately 13.6 million people. While one-third of the refugees (6.7 million people) are in the least developed countries, only 16 % of the refugees are in the developed countries. According to 2018 data, Turkey ranks first among top refugee-hosting countries with 3.7 million people and this is followed by Pakistan with 1.4 million and Uganda with 1.2 million, respectively. In the share of refugees in the country’s population, Lebanon, where one out of every 6 people is a refugee, ranks first, Jordan ranks second with 1/14 of the population, and Turkey ranks third with 1/22 of the population (UNHCR, 2018). The refugee population in Turkey continues to grow and has...
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