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Canadian Political, Social and Historical (Re)visions in 20th and 21st Century


Edited By Marcin Gabryś, Magdalena Marczuk-Karbownik and Magdalena Paluszkiewicz-Misiaczek

Canada trying to bring together Indigenous peoples, "two solitudes" of the French and the British, as well as a variety of poly-ethnic immigrants has mastered search for consensus and compromise as the best response to national, regional, political and ethnic tensions. This book examines how the evolution of various ideas, schemes, projects, proposals and objectives influenced the Canadian political and social present. It analyses how far Canada was able to realize its initial visions and to what extent it was forced to rework and reform them. It takes into account both the ideas which have actually been implemented and the ones which never progressed beyond the conceptual sphere, yet are important from historical perspective.

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Big Change or Continuation? Canada’s Policy Towards the Situation in Ukraine Under Justin Trudeau: (2015–2020) (Magdalena Marczuk-Karbownik)


Magdalena Marczuk-Karbownik

Big Change or Continuation? Canada’s Policy Towards the Situation in Ukraine Under Justin Trudeau (2015–2020)

Abstract: One of the main problems with Canadian foreign policy under Stephen Harper was the complicated situation in Eastern Europe. Russian aggressive policy, the illegal military occupation of Crimea, and the conflict in Ukraine deeply engaged Ottawa in the region. Canada’s engagement was implemented through: direct support for Ukraine in order to stabilize the political and economic situation, readiness to execute NATO allied commitments, imposition of economic sanctions against Russian and Ukrainian individuals and entities. This chapter analyses the measures of Justin Trudeau’s cabinet responding to the situation in Ukraine and compares them with the actions taken by Ottawa under Stephen Harper. The aim is to show the differences and similarities between Liberals and Conservatives in the conduct of foreign policy. This chapter attempts to prove that in particular cases Trudeau has acted even more firmly while simultaneously criticizing the Conservative government for the militarization of foreign policy and blaming Harper for tarnishing the image of Canada on the world stage.

Keywords: Canada, Justin Trudeau, Ukraine, Crimea, Russia, NATO, foreign policy, international relations


Stephen Harper, the former leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, took office as prime minister in 2006 with the idea of reforming the style of foreign policy and transforming Canada’s role in the world. The strengthening of Ottawa’s position was to be achieved by focusing on selected...

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