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Canadian Political, Social and Historical (Re)visions in 20th and 21st Century

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Edited By Marcin Gabryś, Magdalena Marczuk-Karbownik and Magdalena Paluszkiewicz-Misiaczek

Canada trying to bring together Indigenous peoples, "two solitudes" of the French and the British, as well as a variety of poly-ethnic immigrants has mastered search for consensus and compromise as the best response to national, regional, political and ethnic tensions. This book examines how the evolution of various ideas, schemes, projects, proposals and objectives influenced the Canadian political and social present. It analyses how far Canada was able to realize its initial visions and to what extent it was forced to rework and reform them. It takes into account both the ideas which have actually been implemented and the ones which never progressed beyond the conceptual sphere, yet are important from historical perspective.

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From Shell Shock to Operational Stress Injury – Canadian (Re)Visions of Approach Towards the Psychological Consequences of Participation in Military Operations: (Magdalena Paluszkiewicz-Misiaczek)

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Magdalena Paluszkiewicz-Misiaczek

From Shell Shock to Operational Stress Injury – Canadian (Re)Visions of Approach Towards the Psychological Consequences of Participation in Military Operations

Abstract: Throughout the 20th century, thousands of Canadian soldiers participated in many conflicts in various parts of the world. They fought in Europe during both world wars and in Korea at the beginning of the Cold War. Since 1956, over 120,000 Canadians have taken part in various UN peacekeeping and peacemaking operations. At the beginning of the 21st century, between 2002 and 2014, 40,026 members of the Canadian military participated in operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Due to this substantial military engagement on the international scene, the country has gained considerable experience with respect to building a legal framework for various forms of veteran care and support. Unfortunately, the psychological consequences of participation in military operations have always posed the biggest problem for the military authorities and the veterans themselves. The following chapter presents the change of attitude towards “invisible wounds” which has taken place in Canada over the last hundred years and analyses the events and factors which have led to the introduction of new standards of assessment, treatment, prevention and support for soldiers and veterans suffering from operational stress injury, with special emphasis on the instrumental role of veterans whose personal engagement has helped transform the Canadian attitude to service related mental health problems.

Keywords: veterans, PTSD, OSI, mental health, Canada, shell-shock, battle exhaustion, peacekeeping

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