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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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Introduction

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“Throughout much of the recorded history, the claim that adults have the right to be treated as political equals was clearly absurd, and the rulers regarded it as a dangerous and destructive demand.

The spread of democratic thoughts and beliefs since the 18th century turned this devastating demand into ordinary demand; so much so that, in practice, authoritarian rulers who completely rejected this claim embraced the claim in their public statements.

Nevertheless, even in democratic countries, every citizen who carefully observes political realities can conclude that there is a big gap between the target of political equality and its practice. In some democratic countries, including the United States, this gap is growing steadily and seems to be at risk of losing the ideal of equality altogether”. (Dahl, 2018: 13).

While this danger really constitutes an important problem for democracy and the acceptance of its legitimacy in today’s world, many recent political developments have paved the way for the increasing the necessary interest towards the fact of citizenship and the norms addressed within this context. At this point, some developments have been observed. Such reasons as the lack of political electoral indifference (depoliticization) experienced in some countries, the rise of nationalism in various parts of Europe and the failures of citizens’ activities in the context of movements such as environmentalism have brought up the re-evaluation of citizenship today in a way that covers many problem areas (Daunhauer, 2001).

While reconsidering citizenship, it is...

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