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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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I Citizen and Citizenship as a Theoretical and Historical Case

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Citizenship, which is considered as one of the specific premise cases for political theory and sociology, also has a vital importance for the whole of the literature of social sciences as a concept. Because, “citizenship”, at the point of evaluating issues such as “nature of democratic participation”, “analyzing social rights”, “legitimacy of the people”, and “understanding the nature of the state for human societies”, which are important political and social debate areas for modern societies today, is considered as a key concept (Turner & Hamilton, 1994: I).

Considering these dimensions today; according to Dauenhauer, the phenomenon of citizenship, which seems to be able to be carried out on the discussions that enable it to be understood more clearly, is one of the important debate areas in the history of the Western political thought from past to present. Although it has naturally undergone some changes in the historical process, it has always been tried to define citizenship, “which always includes the purpose of adding the requirements of justice to the needs of a community or community membership”, as “closely related to the ideas of both individual rights and commitment to a particular community” (2001). Citizenship, which is handled over the rights and obligations of Dauenhauer, complementing this understanding by Skeat, is considered as a city-related entity, and also defined as a “living in a city” in accordance with its Latin and Greek origins (1985: 111). When considered in terms of political origin, with this urban emphasis, the way in...

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