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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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II Citizen as an Aware Entity in the Modern Period

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Citizenship is a phenomenon taking many different forms while defining the individual politically, socially, and legally throughout history. It is not possible to “reduce” them to each other and to deal with the issue entirely. However, given the approaches of the political theory, which are quite intertwined today, the citizenship and the question of “…what is the being transmitted by this name and by its successive ‘translations’ ” must first be given. It is seen to be clear that the association with “democracy”, as one of the main facts of politics, in all the concept of citizenship. However, at this point, there is a serious matter according to Balibar, which is that there is a situation that should not be forgotten that “…there is an analogy arising from the contradiction between citizenship and democracy” (2016: 13–14). According to Yeatman, as a manifestation of this understanding, when an “ideal citizenship” is taken into consideration, it is the result of the human being as an individual resulting from an “integrated social life”. In order for the citizen, who emerges as an integrated individual, to be integrated into the society, it is essential to offer a life in this sense. Here, it is clear that the individual stands out when dealing with the citizen. In this context, “individuality” is what requires its construction as a unique social action unit in all aspects of man. Taken through the individual, the “citizenship ideal” becomes something that can arise as a result of an integrated understanding...

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