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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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III Today’s Citizen as an “Aware” Entity Defined Through “Interests” and “Common Equalities”

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The nation-state, which is the determining element of citizenship during the modern period, enters into a process that experiences discusses “a new world order, difference, demand for certain rights, and a fragmented civil society” in the post-modern period from the areas where “equality, universal rights, and a solid civil society” are theoretically determined. Post-modern or global era discussions treated within the framework of the concept of “justice” on a universal basis focuses on “the tension between political equality and cultural difference” arising from global interaction and interdependence. It is certain that globalization offers a new perspective to concepts such as “citizenship, rights, and publicity” in the modern period (Vega, 2011: 135). One of the most important discussion areas of the facts of citizens and citizenship of this period is the question “what is important for the citizen?” and the search for a clear answer to this question. This shows that the citizen, as a conscious being, needs new definitions. In this process, the questions “how is citizenship?” or “how do people gain citizenship?” are raised. In the answer of these questions, it is seen that a citizen is turned into an “individual” who can be isolated from a social being “from actions towards actions” and who are able to act on his own. In this way, the citizen as a conscious entity evolves from a phenomenon seen in certain actions to a “process that can encompass a number of different activities” (Asen, 2004: 191).

Although it seems to...

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